Muhammad Shahidullah & His Contribution To Bengali Linguistics


Linguistics as a discipline has undergone radical changes since its inception following the pronouncement of William Jones. The emphasis of linguistic enquiry' has shifted in terms of attitude to language. These shifts in their turn have given new insight into language and linguistic analysis. Historical linguistics investigates how and why the language of individuals, a social group or a whole speech-community, develops in respect of its pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar. Considering Shahidullah's work as a remarkable achievement of historical linguistics, tin attempt has been made to ascertain its relevance at the present time. Though his greatness as a scholar was not limited to any one branch or aspect of linguistics. He was intimately acquainted with much of the vast literature on linguistics and what he once read remained active in his prodigious memory. This reading gave him a profound sense of indebtedness to earlier workers in the field. He would often emphasize the cumulative nature of science, which enables each new generation to begin where the old one left off. But the ties that linked him to his predecessors did not prevent him from exploring new techniques. The primary object of the present work is to highlight his achievements in proper historical perspective. The result of this enquiry throws light on the relevance of historical linguistics in Indian context. The importance and significance of his contribution needs to be re-assessed at the beginning of a new century.


Shahidullah (1885-1969) was the first product of Calcutta University Post-Graduate Department of Comparative Philology. His early interest in languages continued throughout his life. A deep love for the Bengali language was his sterling quality. His publication of an article in the Journal of the Department of letters of the University of Calcutta in 1920, Outlines of the Historical Grammar of the Bengali Language, placed him undoubtedly in the forefront among the leading linguists of his time. And he did it prior to his visits to foreign universities for studies abroad. The topic chosen by him at that time was an untrodden field, It was Shahidullah who showed the way. The article is a compact introductory essay on the principles and application of Historical-Comparative Grammar with special reference to the history and development of the Bengali personal pronouns. He cited different forms of the personal pronouns of Bengali along with other modern Indo-Aryan vernaculars. He further corroborated his evidence by supplying examples from some of the Bengali dialects.


Shahidullah had the rare privilege to prepare his thesis under the guidance of Jules Bloch the greatest wizard of Indo-Aryan linguistics. The thesis, Les Chants Mystiques de Kanha et de Saraha. published from Paris in 1928, is a thorough analytical study of the language of the Dohās. He edited the Aścaryacaryācaya under the title Buddhist Mystic Songs with modern Bengali versions and translations in English and notes. The Buddhist Mystic Songs was reprinted as a book by the Bengali Literary Society of the Department of Bengali of the Karachi University in 1960. It was included in the syllabus of studies of the Universities of Karachi. Dhaka and Rajshahi. The revised edition was published by the Bangla Academy, Dhaka in 1966. This edition deals briefly with the biographical data of the authors of the songs; the grammar of the songs; the syntax of the language; the metre; the social background and the cult and assessment of its value. The English translation of his thesis. Les Chants Mystiques, is awaiting publication by the Asiatic Society, Kolkata.


His Bāngālā Byākaraņ (1935) is the first Bengali grammar by a trained linguistician. In its introduction, he admitted that he was encouraged by the observations of Rabindranath Tagore. Haraprasad Sastri, Ramendra Sundar Trivedi, Jogeshchandra Ray Vidyanidhi and Byomkesh Mustofi. And he embarked on a scheme to write a grammar of Bengali taking into account the facts of the Sādhu as well as the calit variety.


His most significant work, Bāngālā Bhāşār Itivrtta (1965), analysed critically the various theories regarding the origin of the Bengali language. He held that the immediate ancestor of Bengali is not Magadhi Prakrit but Gaudi Prakrit. In his analysis of the grammatical structure of modern Bengali nominal and verbal systems, the colloquial forms have been duly taken into account. It is a much more detailed study than the one published earlier in 1935.


The Pūrba Pākistani Āncalik Bhāşār Abhidhān (1965-1968), edited by Shahidullah, is an outstanding contribution to Bengali dialectology. Nothing to this extent has so far appeared in the Bengali language in India. It will be an indispensable guide for anyone choosing to work on the Bengali dialects for many years to come.


The range of his scholarly interests was very broad. He wrote on a wide variety of subjects. His writings, whatever may be their subject-matter, belonged more to critical analysis than to creative art. They comprised literary appreciation and criticism, education and social problems, political dilemma, philosophy and religion. He had such wide interests and activities that it is difficult to classify him into any of the usual categories. The bibliography of his writings between 1909 and 1965 represents an extra-ordinary range of interests.


His another contribution which he made to linguistic science was to inspire young minds. His career as a University teacher spreads over nearly four decades. His lectures were extremely thorough, highly lucid and up-to-date in presentation of details. It did not only adhere to the main text prescribed for the topic but covered additional ground throwing light on the teacher's original study of the topic. Thus he catered very well to the average students while inspiring the bright ones towards original research. His untiring efforts throughout his service to uplift the standard of teaching and research and on assuming the charge of the Department, to streamline and organise the Department, are principally responsible for the initiation of growth and development of the Department of the Dhaka University. He ranks high among the great builders of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) by his inspiring work as a teacher and his contribution as a research scholar of the highest caliber.


He was a good conversationalist and a prompt and regular correspondent. He had good leadership qualities and could easily play the dominant role in committee meetings. His arguments and discussions in such meetings were always supported by logic, reliable data and generally led to valid, acceptable conclusions. As chairman of several committees, Shahidullah displayed a remarkable ability in summing up the views of the participating members and to draft the final report himself. He had the knack and patience to discuss all the points threadbare and ultimately to arrive at a compromise statement which was generally acceptable to all.


In many ways, Shahidullah, the man, was more interesting and there were not many like him in the academic field. He was a man of principles with progressive views and he scrupulously followed the motto of plain living high thinking. He hailed from a highly religious family with a long history and noble tradition. He believed that religion is the highest value of life because it emphasizes unity and love for all beings. His religion was thus an essential part of his being and influenced every aspect of life. He had respect for other religions. His staunch religious fervour did not stand in any way eulogizing Sricaitanyadeba as the best Bengali. His own experience of religious discrimination was far from happy. As a Muslim student he was not allowed to continue his M.A. studies in the Department of Sanskrit of the University of Calcutta. But he had never made any issue of it. It speaks volumes of his character as a man.








1. Bhāşā O Sāhitya, Dhaka 1931.

2. Bāngālā Byākaraņ, Dhaka 1935.

3. Āmāder Samasyā, Dhaka 1949.

4. Bānglā Sāhityer Kathā : Vol. 1 : Prācīn Yug; Dhaka 1953.

5. Bānglā Sāhityer Kathā : Vol. 2 : Madhya Yug; Dhaka 1965.

6. Bāngālā Bhāşār Itivrtta. Bangla Academy, Dhaka, 1965.



1.                  Madanabhasma, Bharatu Agrahayan, 1316 B.S.

2.                  Phārsī O Ārbī Granther Bangānubād O Tat-samparke Akşarāntarīkaran, Pratibhā 1318.

3.                  Bāngālīr Samskrta Uccāraņ, Kohinūr, 1318.

4.                  Bāngālā Bhāşātattve Rabindranath, Bānglār Bānī - 1318.

5.                  Bāngālā Abhidhāne Āmod, Naibedya 1323.

6.                  Amāder Sāhityik Daridratā, Al Eslam, Jaişthya 1323.

7.                  Khrştiya Caturtha Granthasamuher Itihās, Al Eslam, Śrābaņ, Agrahāyaņ, 1323.

8.                  Amāder Bhāşāsamasyā, Bangiya Musalman Sāhitya Patrika, 1325.

9.                  Bāngālā Śabdakoş Sambandhe Ālocanā, Sāhitya Parishad Patrika, 1325.

10.               Arbī O Phārsī Nāmer Bāngālā Lipyāntar, S.P.P. 1325.

11.               Bāngālā Bhāşāy E Kārer Bakra Uccāraņ, Muslim Bhārāt, 1327.

12.               Bhārāter Sādhāraņ Bhāşā. Muslim Bhārat 1327.

13.               Bauddha Gān O Dohā (Discussion), S.P.P. 1327.

14.               Bāngālā Sāhitya O Chātrasamāj, B.M.S.P. Kārtik 1327.

15.               Maynāmatīr Gān (A Review), B.M.S.P. 1327.

16.               Ibane Batutā O Tāhār Bāngālā Bhramaņ, B.M.S.P. 1329

17.               Siddhā Kānupār Gīt O Dohā, Pratibhā, Kārtik-Paus, 1329.

18.               Kānupār Dohār Tīkā, Pratibhā Māgh-Caitra 1329.

19.               Prācīn Yuger Bāngālā Sāhityer Dhāra, Prācī, Aşārh 1330.

20.               Prācīn Bāngālā Sāhityer Dhārā, Prabāsī Bhādra 1330.

21.               Siddhā Kānupār Pariśişta, Pratibhā. Śrāban-Aśvin, 1330.

22.               Śrikar Nandī Kabīndra Parameśvar, Pratibhā", 1330.

23.               Bāngālā Bānān Samasyā, Pratibhā, Baiśākh, Aşārh, Kārtik-Pauş 1331.

24.               Bāngālā Bhāşāy Anujnā, S.P.P. 1331.

25.               Kabi Saiyad Alāoler Padmābatī, S.P.P. 1331.

26.               Siddhā Kānupār Gīter Bhāşā, Pratibhā, Śrābaņ-Aśvin 1332.

27.               Saiyad Ālāoler Granthābalīr Kālnirņay, S.P.P. 1333.

28.               Bāngālā O Tāhār Sahodarā Bhāşār Bartamān Kāler Uttampuruş, S.P.P. 1337.

29.               Bāngālā O Tāhār Sahodara Bhāşā, Mohammadi, Jaişthya 1338.

30.               Dharmamangal Hariścandrer Pālā, Bangaśrī, 1340.

31.               Badu Caņdidāser Pad, S.P.P. 1343.

32.               Bāngāla Bānān (Discussion), Prabāsī, Phālgun 1343.

33.               Āryajātir Prācīntama Premkāhinī, Bangabhūmi 1344.

34.               Jātīya Milaner Pathe, Bangabhūmi, 1344.

35.               Hafiz, Bangabhūmi, Bhādra, 1344.

36.               Maramī Kabi Rabindranath, Sāhitya Bitān, 1345.

37.               Bāngāla Bānān, Prabāsī" Baiśākh 1346.

38.               Bhāşār Utpatti, Salimullah Muslim Hall Bārşikī 1346.

39.               Bhusuku, S.P.P. 1348.

40.               Bauddha Gān O Dohār Path Ālocana, S.P.P. 1348.

41.               Śrīkrşņakīrttaner Kayektā Pāth Bicār, S.P.P. 1348.

42.               Madhyajuger Bānglā Sāhitye Pūrbabanger Nārī, Suparnā, 1348.

43.               Siddhā Kanupar Dolia 0 Tāhār Anubad, S.P.P. 1349.

44.               Caņdīmangaler Ekti Puthir Paricay, S.P.P. 1349.

45.               Badu Caņdīdās, Śānti 1349.

46.               Ālāol, Fazlul Haq Muslim Hall Bārsikī, 1349.

47.               Pūrbabanger Manasāmangaler Kabigān, Srihatta Sāhitya Parishad Patrika, Māgh 1349.

48.               Bānglā Nātake Jātīyata, Gati 1349.

49.               Samskrta 6 Pārsī, S.P.P. 1350.

50.               Bānglā Bhāşār Itivrtta, S.P., 1350.

51.               Bānglā Sāhityer Kramabikāś : Pāścātya Prabhāb, Gati 1350.

52.               Bānglā Sāhitye Pāścātya Prabhāb, Gati, 1350.

53.               Jelā Cabbiś Paragaņār Upabhāşā, S.P.P. 1351.

54.               Rabindranāther Rāja (A Review), Prabāsī, Śrābaņ 1352.

55.               Saiyad Ālāoler Padmābatī: Mohammad, 1353.

56.               Bhārat, Kaņva O Biśvamitra, Prabāsī, Phālgun 1354.

57.               Haihay Kuler Śaryyata Śākhā (Discussion), S.P.P. 1354.

58.               Pākistāner Rāştrabhāşā Samasyā, Azad, 1354.

59.               Pūrba Pākistāner Śiksār Bhāşā Samasyā, Takbir, Bagura 1354.

60.               Prācīn Bānglā Lekhakgan, Śanibārer Cithi, Baiśākh, 1355.

61.               Dharmamangal Upākhyāner Utpattikal, Śanibārer Cithi, Kārtik 1355.

62.               Āmāder Kaomi Jawān, Mahenaw Pauş 1355.

63.               Ārbī Haraphe Bāngāla Bhāşa, Azad, Baiśākh 1356.

64.               Sojā Bānglā, Dhakaprakāś, Āşarh 1356.

65.               Pākistāner Bhāşā O Sāhitya, Mahenaw, Āşārh 1356.

66.               Kānupār Dohār Tika. Pratibhā" 1356.

67.               Mālik Muhammad Jāysī O Tāhār Padmābatī, Dilruba Māgh, 1356.

68.               Ālāoler Padmābatrī Upakhyān, Dilrubā 1356.

69.               Bāngāla Akşar. Bānān O Bhāşā Samskār, Imroj Phālgun 1357.

70.               Bāngāla Bhāşār Jāti, Imroj 1357.

71.               Prthibīr Kabi Rabindranath. Agalya 1357.

72.               1810 Sāle Chāpā Ekkhāni Bāngāla -lmrāji Bai, Mahenaw, Phālgun 1357.

73.               Madhyayugcr Bāngālā Sāhitye Musalman, Mahenaw Jaişthya- Āşārh 1358.

74.               Unabimśa Śatābdīr Pratham Musalman Gadyalekhak, lmroj, Śrābaņ-Bhādra 1358.

75.               Mahākabi Saiyad Sultan. Mahenaw, 1361.

76.               Mahākabi Kāykobad, Mahenaw Āśvin 1358.

77.               Bāngāla Bhāşār Jāti. Imroj, Pauş-Māgh 1358.

78.               Bāngāla Akşar. Bānān O Bhāşā Samskar, Mahenaw, 1359.

79.               Bānglā Barņamalar Samskār, Mahenaw 1359.

80.               Bānglā Lekha, Mohammadi 1359.

81.               Vidyāpatir Pader Bhāşā, Mahenaw 1359.

82.               Vidyāpatir Padābalīr Samskāraij, Imroj 1359.

83.               Vidyāpatir Padābalīr Samskāraņ. S.P.P. 1359.

84.               Śekh Kabīrer Ekti Pad. Mahenaw, Śrābaņ 1359.

85.               Dhākār Kabi Garibullah Molla, Mahenaw 1359.

86.               Mayūr Bhatta, S.P.P. 1360.

87.               Kājalrekhā : (Folk-tale from Pākistān), Dhaka 1360.

88.               Bāngālī Phārsī Kabi Fatha Ali. Mahenaw, Śrābaņ 1360.

89.               Caņdīdās Samasyā, S.P.P. 1360.

90.               Madhyayuger Bāngāla Sāhityer Rājnaitik Patabhūni. Mahenaw 1360.

91.               Gorakşabijay, Elan 1360.

92.               Gorakşabijayer Racayitā : S.P.P. 1360.

93.               Marhum Abdul Karim Sāhitya Biśārad, Mukhapatra, 1360.

94.               Arahi Barņamālā, Mahenaw, 1360.

95.               Bhāşā O Byāktitva, Elan March 1954.

96.               PuthiSāhityer Ādikabi Garibullah Sah, Mohammadi, 1361.

97.               Madhyajuger Bānglā Sāhityer Dhara, Mahenaw, 1361.

98.               Mahākabi Saiyad Sultan. Mahenaw, 1361.

99.               Jātīya Sangit, Mahenaw 1361.

100.           Bānglā O Urdu, Mahenaw, Bhādra 1361.

101.           Mahākabi Ālaol. Mahenaw 1362.

102.           Mahuyā. Pūrbabanger Lokagītikā. 1955.

103.           Bheluyā Sundarī, Pūrbabanger Lokagītikā, 1955.

104.           Saiyad Hamja, Dilruba, Jaisthya 1363.

105.           Hajarat Nur Kutubul Alam, Mahenaw Bhadra 1363.

106.           Puthi Sāhityer Utpatti, Mahenaw Paus 1363.

107.           Bāngāla Bhāşā O Sāhitya Katadiner, Prabāsī Māgh 1363.

108.           Śrīmadbhagabatgītar Ekti Pāthāntar, Prabāsī, Bhādra 1363.

109.           Prākrt O Bāngāla, S.P.P. 1363.

110.           Bauddha Gāner Bhāşā, Sāhitya Patrika, Dhaka University, 1364.

111.           Madhyayuge Bāngāla Sāhityer Dhara, Mahenaw 1364.

112.           Kānupār Kālnirņay, Bānglā Academy Patrika, 1364.

113.           Galper Janmāntar, B.A. Patrika, Baiśākh - Śrābaņ, 1365.

114.           Quran Kuñjikā, Jāgaran, Jaişthya 1365.

115.           Bāngāla Bhāşāy Phārsī Prabhāb, S.P. 1365.

116.           Bangiya Musalmān Sāhitya Patrika, Mahenaw 1365.

117.           Maynāmatīr Gān, Mahenaw 1365.

118.           Bāngāla Bhāşār Itivrtta, S.P. 1365.

119.           Galper Rūpāntar, Prabāsī, Phālgun 1365.

120.           Ālāoler Padmābatīr Biśuddha Samskāran, B.A. Patrika, Bhādra-Caitra 1365.

121.           Pākistāner Bhāşā O Sāhitya, Mahenaw 1365.

122.           Bhāşā O Samāj, Elan 1958.

123.           Galper Rūpāntar, Samakal, Jaişthya 1366.

124.           Madan Baul O Lālan Sāher Kābye Ātmanibedaner Sur, Samakāl, Bhādra 1366.

125.           Hindu Ārya Mūl Bhāşā Bā Ādim Prākrt, B.A. Patrika, Baiśākh -Śrābaņ 1367.

126.           Bānglā Bhāşā O Sāhitye Urdu-Hindi Prabhāb, Mahenaw Śrābaņ 1367.

127.           Bānglā Sāhitye Muslim Sādhana, Mahenaw 1367.

128.           Krttibāser Gaudeśvar Ke? Prabāsī 1367.

129.           Peyār Śah, S.RP. 1367.

130.           Bānglā Bhāşār Dhvani O Samskār, B.A. Patrikā, Pauş-Caitra 1367.

131.           Phārsīr Bāngāla Dakhal, Lekhak Samgha Patrikā, 1368.

132.           Pūrba Pākistāni Bānglār Ādarśa Abhidhān, B.A. Patrika, 1368.

133.           Kabi Ālāol, Lekhak Samgha Patrika, Caitra 1368.

134.           Biśvakabi Rabindranath, Samakal, Baiśākh 1368.

135.           Āmāder Paribhāşār Samasyā, Elan, August 15 1962.

136.           Bāngāla Lekhā, Mohammadi Pauş 1369.

137.           Bāngāla Lipi O Bānān Samskār, B.A. Patrika, 1369.

138.           Bhakta Nazrul, Dilruba, 1369.

139.           Caryāpader Bhāşā, S.P. 1370.

140.           Caryāpader Path Ālocanā, S.P. 1370.

141.           Bānglā" Bhāşār Unnayane Bibhinna Samsthār Bhūmikā, Mahenaw 1372.

142.           Muslim Bijay O Bānglā Sāhitya, Mohammadi, 1373.

143.           Bhāşār Gaņatantra. Abhijātatantra, Pūbālī, 1374.

144.           Bhāşā O Sāhitye Muslim Abadān, Mahenaw 1374.

145.           Bānglā Bhāşār Rītinīti O Sambhābana, Smaraņī : Seminar on East and West Bengali Language and Literature, 1967.

146.           Bānglā Haraph. Bānān O Bhāşā Samskār, Dainik Pākistān, Bhadra 1375.





1 Outlines of an Historical Grammar of the Bengali Language, Journal of the Department of Letters. University of Calcutta, 1920.

2 The Date of Manik Ganguly's Dharmamangal, Indian Historical Quarterly, 1925.

3 Derivation of the Biblical Proper Names in Quran, Peace, 1925.

4 Etymologies of kubha, √lagh-, √cagh-, gevaya and Laghulo (in the inscriptions of Asoka), IHQ. 1925.

5 Indian Loan Words in Arabic, Peace, 1925.

6 Magadhi- Prākrt and Bengali. IHQ, 1926.

7 The Apabhramsa Stabakas of Ramsarmana : A Few Suggestions, The Indian Antiquary, 1927.

8 Munda Affinities of Bengali, Proceedings of the sixth Oriental Conference, 1931.

9 A Brief History of the Bengali Language, Dhaka University Journal, 1932.

10 The First Aryan Colonisation of Ceylon. IHQ, Vol. IX. 1933.

11 Indo-European kh in Sanskrit and Avesta, IHQ 1933.

12 Appreciation of Akbar by Some Contemporary Hindu Writers, Dhaka University Journal, Vol. IX 1933.

13 Bengals Contribution to Sanskrit Learning (Pre-Muslim Period), Dhaka University Journal, Vol. XI. 1935 (Read at the A1OC in Madras 1924).

14 Ancient Indian Folklore, D.U. Journal, Vol. XIV, 1940.

15 Philology and Indian Linguistics. D.U. Journal 1941.

16 Prakrit Inscriptions of the Kings of Andhradesa, Journal of the Andhra Historical Research Society. 1941.

17 Scientific Study of the Sanskrit Language, Pracyabani 1944.

18 Lingua Franca of India. Modern Review, LXXVIII, 1945.

19 The Language Problem of Pākistān, Weekly Comrade August 1947.

20 The Dale of Vidyāpati. IHQ, Vol. 20, 1944.

21 Muslim Contribution to Early Bengali Literature, Morning News, May 23, 25, 1950.

22 The Dohākosa of Saraha. Dhaka University Studies, June 1951.

23 Urdu Scripts for Bengali. Pākistān Observer, 1952.

24 Umar Khayyam, Dilruba, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1954.

25 Religion and Literature. Reprinted in Bengali Literary Review, Karachi, 1955.

26 The Philology of the Pashto Language, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Pākistān, 1957.

27 The Common Origin of Urdu and Bengali, Pākistān Quarterly, 1959.

28 The Origin of the Bengali Language, Bengali Literary Review, Karachi, 1959.

29 The Indo-Aryan Parent Speech, Indian Linguistics. 1959.

30 The Sumerians and the Urdu Language, Dawn, Karachi, 1959.

31 Iqbal Philosophy of life. The Republic. Vol. 4. No. 1. March 1960.

32 Origin of the Sinhalese Language, Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 1962.

33 The Influence of Urdu Hindi on Bengali Language and Literature, Journal of Asiatic Society of Pākistān, 1962.

34 Language of the North-Western Frontier of Pākistān, Pākistāni Linguistics, 1963.

35 Urdu and Bengali, Literary Encounter, Karachi, 1964.

36 Semantic Changes in Indo-Aryan Languages, Bengali Literary Review, Karachi, 1965.

37 Development of Linguistic Studies and Research in Pākistān : A Symposium, held in January 1964.



1 Les Chants Mystiques de kanha et de Suraha. First published 1928. Ardien Maisonneue, Paris.

2 Les Sons du Bengalie. Paris 1928.



1 Bānglā Adab Ki Tarikh (A Brief History of the Bengali Literature), Dhaka 1957.

2 Urdu Aur Dusra Jawanaoka Urdu, Islame Sahi Talaffus. Kaomi Jawan, Karachi 1959.

3 Urdu Me Bejanha Taskir O Tanim, Urdu, Karachi 1959.




1 Dioan-i-Hafiz, Dhaka 1938.

2 Amiyabānī-śataka, Dhaka 1941.

3 Sikoah-O-Jawab-i-Sikoah (From Iqbal). Dhaka 1942.

4 Rubaiyat-i-umar-khayyam. Dhaka 1942.

5 Iqbal Dhaka 1945.

6 Mahābāņī Bagura 1946.

7 Baiatnama, Dhaka 1948.

8 Vidyāpati-śataka, Dhaka 1954.

9 Amarkābya, Dhaka 1963.

10 Hundred Sayings of the Holy Prophet (Translations with Arabic text of 100 sayings of Prophet), 1945.

11 Buddhist Mystic Songs, Bengali Literary Society, Department of Bengali, Karachi University.



1 Hājār Bacharer Purāņa Bāngālay Siddhā Kānupār Gīt O Dohā, Dhaka Parishad Granthabali l925.

2 Padmābatī (Part 1), Dhaka 1950.

3 Galpasancayan, Dhaka 1953.

4 Pūrba Pākistāni Āñcalik Bhāşār Abhidhān, Bānglā Academy, Dhaka, 1965.



1 Chotoder Islām Śikşā, Dhaka 1939.

2 Chotoder Diniyat Śikşā, Dhaka.

3 Caritkathā (Part 1 and 2), Dhaka 1952.

4 Jñāner Kathā, Dhaka 1952.

5 Chotoder Nabī Kathā, Dhaka 1959.

6 Kathāmañjarī, Dhaka 1961.

7 NītiKathā, Dhaka 1961.

8 Sindbad Saodāgar, Dhaka.

9 Chotoder Rasulullah, Dhaka 1962.

10 Sekāler Rūpkathā.



1 Rakamāri, Dhaka 1932.

2 Gorucor (Translation from a French Story), Mohammadi 1337.

3 Dhokābaji (do), Salimullah Hall Barisiki, 1344.



1 Essays on Islam, 1945.

2 Hajjer O Raoyahpaker jijirater do'a darud, Dhaka 1957.

3 Tajaridul Bokhari (From Hadis), B.A. 1958.

4 Śeş Nabīr Sandhāne, Dhaka 1961.

5 Muharram Śarif, Dhaka 1962.

6 Rojah id O Fitarah, Dhaka 1963.

7 Islam Prasanga, Dhaka 1963.

8 Traditional Culture in East Pākistān, Department of Bengali, Dhaka University 1963.

9 Idul Ajahā Qurbanir Ahakam (From Maulana Md. Shafi) 1963.

10 Quran Prasanga, Dhaka, February 1970.

11 Pearls from the Holy Prophet, Dhaka April 1970.

12 Tales from Quran, Dhaka May 1970.

13 Nabi Karim Hajarat Muhammad, Dhaka March 1975.

14 Quran Sarif O Bijñān, Al Eslam, 1322.

15 Quran Sarif O Duhkhatattva, Al Eslam, 1324.

16 The Sincerity of the Prophet Muhammad, The Musalman, June 1917.

17 Kabīr Sāheb O Hindu Dharma, B.M.S.P., 1325.

18 Islām Dharmer Ādarśa O Āmāder Āśā, Al Eslam 1325.

19 Quran Sarif O Yuddhaniti, B.M.S.P., 1327.

20 Raja Rammohan Ray and Islam, Modern Review, 1921.

21 The Reformation in the Light of Islam, Peace 1922.

22 The Religion of Peace, Peace, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1922.

23 The Mission and the Messages of the Prophets of Arabia, Peace 1922.

24 Qurbani, Peace, 1922.

25 As-haabul kahaf, Peace 1922.

26 The Mission and the Message of the Prophet of Arabia, Peace, Vol. 1, No. 2, September 1922.

27 The Reformation in the Light of Islam, Peace, Vol. 1, No. 3, March 1922.

28 The Religion of Peace, Peace, August 1921.

29 The Highest God According to the Quran, Peace, 1923.29.

30 Faith of Islam, God, Angels, the books and the Prophet Resurrection and the last day, Peace, April-July 1924.

31 God's Message to the Christians, Peace 1924.

32 Ram, Peace, 1925.

33 God and Man, Peace 1928.

34 Educational Problems of India, Peace 1929.

35 Napoleon on Islam, Peace 1929.

36 Islam and Hinduism, Peace 1930.

37 The Rites and Rituals of Islam, Peace 1930.

38 Non-violence in Islam, Peace 1930.

39 Hindu O Islām Dharmer Milanbhūmi, Udbodhan, 1340.

40 Where Hinduism and Muslim meets, Prabuddha Bharat, 1933.

41 Restoration, Renovation and New Interpretation of Muslim Law in Pākistān, Dilruba, Vol. 2. No. 2, 1953.

42 Morality and Religion, The Culture for Progress, March 1954.

43 The Most Essential and the Fundamental Values of Islam, Symposium on Islam, Dhaka 1955.

44 Social Structure and Islam, Symposium on Islam, Dhaka 1958.

45 Islams Potential Contribution to World, Read at the International Islamic Colloquium, Lahore, 1958.

46 Social Structure and Islam, Read at the Symposium of Islam, Dhaka January, 1958.

47 Five Main Problems of Pākistān, Tunes of Karachi, 1959.

48 The Ancient Indus-Valley People, Dawn, 1959.

49 Muslim Law in Pākistān, Dawn 1960.

50 Freedom, Pākistān Observer, Dhaka, August 1960.

51 The Atom Bomb: A Prophecy in the Quran, Dawn, Karachi, February 1960.

52 The Significance of Id-ul-Fiter, Pākistān Observer, March I960.

53 Islam's Attitude towards the Fine Arts : Matters of Moment : Published by the Bureau of National Reconstructions, Dhaka, 1962.

54 Some Economic Concepts of Islam, Morning News, Dhaka 1963.

55 Towards Cultural Homogeneity, Morning News, Dhaka 1963.

56 The Correct Date of Milad-ud-Nabi, Morning News Dhaka, July 1964.

57 Gītā O Śrīkrşņatattva, Prabāsī, 1364.

58 Iqbals Universal Message. Life and Light, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1965.



1 Pratham Mahīpāladeva O Khriyal : Haraprasad Sambardhan Lekhamālā, Vol. 2. Edited by Suniti Kumar Chatterji and Narendranath Laha, Calcutta 1339.

2 Sāmyabādī Bankim : Bankim Smrti : Edited by Mohitlal Majumdar and Srishachandra Das, Dhaka 1346.

3 Puņyasmrti : Acarya Prafulla Chandra Janmaśatabarşapūrti Smārak Grantha : (Eds.) Debipada Bhattacharya, Kanailal Datta and Aparnananda Sen, Calcutta 1961.

4 Prācaī Bānglā Sāhitya : Bhāşā 0 Sāhitya Saptāha; (Eds.) Md. Abdul Hai. Department of Bengali, Dhaka University.

5 The Date of Gopichand : Nalinikanta Bhattasali Commemoration Volume. Dhaka University, 1966.

6 Biśvakabi Rabindranath : Rabindranath : (Ed.) Anisujjaman, Dhaka, 1375 B.S.

7 Āmāder Bhāşā- Samasyā, Sāhitye Sāmpradāyikatā : Pūrba Pākistāner Prabandha Samgrāha : (Ed.) Maitreyi Debi, Calcutta 1970.

8 Āmāder Bhāşā Samasyā : Ekuśe February : (Ed.) Hasan Hafizur Rahaman, Calcutta 1971.

9 Traditional Culture in East Bengal : Pūrba Bānglār Loka-samskrti : (Ed.) Dulal Bhattacharya, Calcutta 1971.

10 Lālan Śāher Kābye Ātmanibedaner Sur: Lālan Smārak Grantha: (Ed.) Abul Hasan Chowdhury, Dhaka 1380.

11 Bhakta Nazrul :.Nazrul Kathā : (Ed.) Bisvanath De, Calcutta 1380.





1 Maktab-Madrasa Śikşā (Part 2 and 3) : Text Books for Class II and III, Dhaka 1925.

2 Sandarbha Mañjarī : Text Book for Class VII, Dhaka 1931.

3 Ādarśa Sāhitya Pāth : Text Book for Class VII, Dhaka 1938.

4 Maktab Pāthamālā (Part 1. 2 and 3) : Text Books for Class I, Class II and Class III. Dhaka 1949.

5 Prathamik Bānglā Sāhitya : for Class VI, Dhaka.

6 Sāhitya Prakāś (Part 1. 2 and 4) : for Class III, Class IV and Class VI, Dhaka 1950.

7 Adarśa Bānglā Sāhitya (Part L 2 and 3) : for Class VI, Class VA and Class VAI, Dhaka 1955.



1 Prabandha Manjarf : for Class VAI, Dhaka 1924.

2 Byākaran Paricay, Dhaka 1953.

3 Madhya Bānglā Byākaran : for Class V and Class VI, Dhaka 1956.

4 Pralhamik Bānglā Bxakarari : for Class Vi, Dhaka 1957.

5 Naba Byākaranmanjaif : for Class AI and Class IV, Dhaka 1364.



1 Naba Itihās Mañjarī : for Class IV, Dhaka.

2 Sekāler Kathā : for Class III, Dhaka.

3 Pak-Bharat Kathā, Dhaka. 1948.

4 Deśer Kathā : for Class V. Dhaka 1950.

5 Itihās Mañjarī: for Class V and Class VI, Dhaka 1950.

6 Chotoder Itikathā (Purl 1. 2) : for Class III and Class IV, Dhaka 1362.



1 Al Eslam (Quarterly Journal) : Calcutta : From Baiśākh 1322-Caitra 1326.

2 Bangīya Musalmān Sāhitya Patrikā (Quarterly Journal) : Calcutta : From Baiśākh 1325-Caitra 1327. With co-editor Mozammel Haq.

3 Āngur (Children's Monthly Journal): Calcutta : From Baiśākh 1327-Caitra 1327, Editor,

4 The Peace (Monthly) : Dhaka : From August 1922-June 1930. Editor.

5 Bangabhūmi (Monthly) : Dhaka : From Āşārh 1344-Kārtik 1344.

6 Takbir (Fortnightly) : Bogura : From Aśvin 1354- Āşārh 1354, Editor.

7 Kājer Kathā (Fortnightly) : 1951, Editor.



1 Korān-Kaņikā : Maulavi Mir Fazale Ali, 1931.

2 Maņidīp : S.N.Q. Zulfikar Ali.

3 Śūnyapurāņ : Caruchandra Bandyopadhyay, Calcutta 1336.

4 Loka Sāhitya : Asraf Siddiqui, Dhaka 1963.

5 Ethics of Islam : Syed Amir Ali, Calcutta 1951.

6 Farhange Rabhani Urdu- Bānglā Abhidhān 1958.

7 Rabiparikramā : Mofajjal Haydar Chowdhury, 1963.

8 Pūrba Pākistāni Āñcalik Bhāşār Abhidhān, B.A., Dhaka, 1372.

9 Bānglā Sāhityer Dhārā (Old and Middle Period) : Muhammad Abutalib, 1968.




1 Muhammad Shahidullah Felicitation Volume: Edited by Muhammad Enamul Haq. First Published : July 10, 1966. Asiatic Society of Pākistān.

2 Sāhitya Patrikā : Muhammad Shahidullah Sambardhana Samkhyā, Department of Bengali, Dhaka University 1372.

3 Sāhityikā : Shahidullah Samkhyā, Department of Bengali, Rajshahi University 1372.

4 Shahidullah Presentation Volume : Edited by Dr. Anwar S. Dil. First Published May 1967. Linguistic Research Group of Pākistān, Lahore, West Panjab.

5 Shahidullah Sambardhana Grantha : Edited by Muhammad Safiyullah. First Published Caitra 1373, March 1967, Dhaka.

6 Bānglā Sāhitye Muhammad Shahidullah : Azharuddin Khan, Calcutta, November 1968.

7 Antaranga Āloke Muhammad Shahidullah : Golam Saklayen, Dhaka, 1970.

8 Muhammad Shahidullah : Mansur Musa, Dhaka, 19.

9 Muhammad Shahidullaher Bānglā Prabandhapañji: Mrinal Kanti Nath, Bhāşā, Vol. 1, No. 4, 1895 Sak.

10 Muhammad Shahidullah : Azharuddin Khan. Sāhitya Sādhak Caritmala, Bangiya Sāhitya Parishad, 1388.

11 Muhammad Shahidullah : Anisujjaman, Dhaka, Sisu Academy 1982.

12 Caturahga, August 1984.

13 Rahilā : Dr Muhammad Shahidullah Samkhyā : Edited by Abdur Rab Khan and Hasnuhana Begam. Vol. 6, Kartik 1391. Special Number.

14 Kāfelā : Shahidullah Samkhyā; Vol. 6, Aśvin 1391.

15 Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah Smārak Grantha : Editorial Board : Shamsujjaman Khan, Azhar Islam, Selina Hosen; Bānglā Academy, Dhaka. First Published : July 10, 1985.

16 Patra-Sāhitye Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah : A.M.M. Nurul Islam, Islamic Foundation, Dhaka 1398.

17 Muhammad Shahidullah : Subhadra Kumar Sen, Sāhitya Akademi, New Delhi, 1998.







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Ghosh, Debaprasad : Bānglā Bhāşā O Bānān, Calcutta 1364.

Ghosh, Manindrakumar : Bānglā Bānān, Calcutta 1393.

Ghosh, Saktibrata : William Carey : Sāhitya O Sādhanā, Burdwan University 1980.

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Khondkar, Abdul Rahim : Dharmiya Itihās O Pratnatattver Āloke Caryāpader Kāl O Jīban, Bhāşā-Sāhitya-patra, No. 7, Dhaka 1386.

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Mitra, Sanat Kumar: Rabindranath : Śatabarşe Bangiya Sāhitya Parishad, Lokasamskrti O Chātrasamāj, Lokasamskrti O Gabeşana, Vol. 7, No.1, Calcutta 1994.

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